Experiencing a heart attack or getting to know that your near and dear ones suffered a heart attack can be a very frightening experience. Even if you might not have been through such a situation, just the thought that comes to your mind when you hear heart attack is a man clenching his chest with extreme pain. Heart attacks have been the talk of the town since quite a long time but, there is quite less knowledge about how and what exactly can be the reason and the measures to prevent it. Let’s take you through some most common things you should know about heart attack so that you don’t find yourself clueless later.
Heart attacks are more common than you think
Cardiovascular diseases globally caused 17.9 million deaths. Out of this 85 % are due to heart attacks and strokes. In fact, heart diseases related deaths are the number one cause of mortality worldwide.
Heart attack does not happen in a day
Let’s assume your heart is like a big water pump, the pump needs energy to keep working and keep pumping blood to the body 24×7.
If, due to any reason the blood supply to the heart is restricted it is unable to perform and leads to it’s malfunctioning i.e. heart attack.
The lack of blood supply is mostly due to narrowing of the arteries (coronary artery) due to plaque formation within them that is build-up of fatty substances. This is medically known as atherosclerosis.
The whole process happens over a period of time and the risk factors involves smoking, hypertension, cholesterol, family history etc.
Know how a heart attack feels like
The most commonly occurring symptom of heart attack is chest pain and discomfort. There may also be other symptoms like cold and clammy hands, sweating, difficult breathing, pain in jaw, left arm. Sudden crushing pain or tightness in chest, nausea and vomiting. Heart burns and fainting may also be a symptom of heart attack.
If heart attack has happened once, it can always happen again
One can always have another heart attack , the risk is always high. Taking necessary precautions, tracking heart health and proper treatment is imperative in reducing the chances of a second episode.
Your heart will never be the same after a heart attack
During a heart attack, the lack of blood supply, causes injury to the heart muscles. The part of the heart might get damaged or permanently be harmed. But your heart is a very strong organ and accommodates the loss to keep functioning normally. The extent of damage depends upon the size of injury and the part involved that may always lead to your heart to work under load than it used to before the attack
Silent heart attacks are NO myth
Yes, you heard it right. Silent heart attacks are those kinds of attacks that have mild or unnoticeable symptoms of heart attacks and commonly not paid attention to. These are riskier due to the fact of going unnoticed and causing more harm to the heart. They are many times confused with heart burns, nausea or muscular pains. These attacks cannot be determined by any regular tests and needs specific test like ECG to detect the occurrence.
How heart health tracking can help
Had heart attack previously or a heart patient, being aware of current status of heart can be a life saviour in many ways. Detecting problems early, being aware of any deviation from normal and knowing the warning signs can help preventing fatality and improving heart health.